lunes, 19 de febrero de 2007

Las cartas de Otto Frank

El instituto YIVO de Investigaciones judías ha difundido unas cartas (encontradas hace año y medio) del padre de Ana Frank en las que pedía ayuda para salir del país con su familia.

Otto intentó emigrar a Cuba o EEUU, para ello contactó con amigos y familiares entre Abril y Diciembre de 1941.

En estas cartas expresaba su preocupación por la vida de sus hijas, pero esto, como ya sabemos solo se quedó en un intento desesperado. Aun así, consiguió un visado a Cuba en Diciembre de 1941, pero fue anulado a la semana de emitirlo. Además las reglas de inmigración, cambiantes bajo el regimen nazi y también en EEUU después de su inclusión en la guerra, impidieron todos los intentos del padre de Ana por salir del país.

No pudieron escapar ni siquiera con la ayuda e influencias de Nathan Straus que fue compañero de Universidad de Otto,y era el hijo del fundador de Macy's (grandes almacenes) . En una de las cartas a Straus el padre de Ana escribía "No le pediría nada si las condiciones aquí no me forzaran a hacer todo lo posible para evitar lo peor y, sobre todo, para salvar a mis hijas.

Finalmente en 1942 la familia se ocultó en Amsterdam, hasta que a Otto Frank y Edith les enviaron a Auschwitz, allí la madre de Ana murió de hambre. Margot y Anna fueron llevadas al campo de concentración de Bergen-Belseny alli murieron de tifus.

Otto Frank sobrevivió al exterminio nazi y recuperó y publicó en Holanda el diario de su hija Ana. Otto murió en Suiza en 1980.

Este intentó de Otto de librarse del horror nazi, no es un intento diferente al que realizaron muchos otros judíos durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial, pero al conocerlo hace que su historia, plasmada en el diario de su hija sea si cabe mucho más dolorosa.

Por último recomendar a todos los que no lo hallan leído, el Diario de Ana Frank, ya que es una muestra de primera mano del horror nazi, aunque la lectura a veces nos ponga el vello de punta.

"...Me da miedo el cavilar que aquellos que estaban tan próximos a mí se hallen ahora en manos de los verdugos más crueles del mundo. Por la única razón de que son judíos... Algún día volveremos a ser personas y no solamente judíos" (Ana Frank).

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